Course Code PCC305
Semester 5
Category Basic
Points 6
ECTS Units 8
Recommended Reading

Textbooks in Greek language

S. J. Blundell, K. M. Blundell, “Thermal Physics”, Crete University Press, Heraclion, 2017.
I. D. Vergados, I. N. Remediakis, Η. Triantafyllopoulos, “Statistical Physics & Thermodynamics”, 4th edition, Symeon Editions, 2017.
F. Mandl “Statistical Physics”, 2nd Edition, Α.G.Pneymatikos Editions, Athens, 2013.
Ε. Ν. Economou “Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics”, Crete University Press, Heraklion, 2002.
H. Zenginoglou “Statistical Physics of Thermodynamic Equilibrium”, Editions about Arts, Patras, 2004.

Textbooks in English

Reif F. “Berkeley Physics Course vol 5 : “Statistical Physics”, McGraw-Hill, 1965. Reif F., “Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics”, McGraw-Hill, 1965.
Kittel C., Kroemer H., “Thermal Physics” 2nd ed., CBS Publishers & Distributors, 1980.
L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, “Statistical Physics Part 1” 3rd ed., Pergamon.
An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics, K. Stowe, 2nd Edition, Cambdridge University Press, 2007.
Introduction to Statistical Physics, K. Huang, CRC Press, 2001.
Statistical Physics I – Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, M. Toda, R. Kubo and N. Saito, 2nd Edition, Springer, 1998.
Statistical Mechanics, R. K. Pathria and P. D. Beale, 3rd Edition, Academic Press, 1996.
Statistical Physics of Particles, M. Kardar, Cambdridge University Press, 2007

Course Description

1. Introduction to the macroscopic theory of thermodynamics. Establishment of relations between macroscopic variables of a system.
2. Definition of the probability of a microstate. Thermodynamic equilibrium. Spontaneous transition to thermodynamic equilibrium of an isolated system. Statistical definition of entropy. Law of maximum entropy of an isolated system in equilibrium. Microcanonical ensemble.
3. Thermal equilibrium. Canonical ensemble, additivity of entropy. Thermodynamic fundamental Identity. Temperature. The condition of thermal stability. The law of minimum free energy.
4. Systems of independent and distinguishable particles.
5. Classical ideal gas.
6. The theory of paramagnetic system. Magnetic cooling. Negative temperature.
7. Theory of the heat capacity of non-conducting crystals.
8. Macroscopic systems with an infinite number of states – Harmonic oscillator
9. Macroscopic systems with a finite number of states – 2 energy state system
10. Open macroscopic systems with variable number of particles. Statistics of open systems. Chemical equilibrium. Grand Canonical ensemble.
11. Statistics of independent, distinguishable, particles – Maxwell Boltzmann statistics
12. Statistics of independent, non-distinguishable, particles with half-integer spin – Fermi Dirac statistics/distribution
13. Statistics of independent, non-distinguishable, particles with integer spin – Bose Einstein statistics/distribution
14. Ideal fermion gas
15. Ideal boson gas – Bose Einstein condensation
16. Statistics of classical macroscopic systems – Microstates on phase space